Literary icon Sebastian Faulks explains why Birdsong is now more relevant than ever—plus what inspired his new novel

Bestselling author Sebastian Faulks argues history has a funny way of repeating itself in new novel Snow Country

Sebastian Faulks headshot with book cover for Snow Country
(Image credit: Getty Images)

Each month we bring you the author of the book everybody is talking about, not only to inspire our guide of the best books of 2021, but also to pick writers' brains on what's on their own reading list.  

One of the UK's finest writers, Sebastian Faulks CBE is perhaps best-known for Birdsong, a modern classic. Birdsong is not only a bestseller—selling two million copies in the UK and three million copies worldwide—but is also an important part of the literary canon, taught in syllabuses across the UK. It goes without saying that a new release from the author will be much anticipated. 

In his latest book, Snow Country, we journey to Austria, where Anton, a young journalist, and Lena, born with nothing but a strength of character, fatefully cross paths at a sanatorium. Fans of Sebastian Faulks will recognize the setting from his much-loved book Human Traces, giving Snow Country's world a sense of familiarity for fans of Fawkes' work. Which makes sense, as Fawkes himself explains, "One of the big themes of this book is of doubles, a feeling you may have lived before." If the initial reviews are anything to go by, it's likely to be one of the best historical fiction books of the year, if not the decade. 

We quizzed the legendary Sebastian Fawkes on the inspiration behind Snow Country, how he goes about portraying women, and how history has a funny way of repeating itself—plus what his own personal book recommendations are. Sebastian, over to you...

Snow Country is set in Carinthia, in the southeast of Austria.

I’d stayed there quite a few times with a friend. There was something about the houses and the countryside that intrigued me. That married into a long interest I’d had in psychology. The late 19th century saw a lot of advances in how to treat psychoanalysis. The two things came together. Most of the book takes place in 1933—when there are echoes of the past and a foreboding about the future. There was a civil war at the beginning of 1934 in Austria that’s not well-known, and it’s interesting to introduce people to things they don’t know about.

Other real-life stories in this book include the building of the Panama Canal and the trial of Henriette Caillaux.

These are interesting ways of looking at Anton’s character. Going to Panama at that time was a big deal and he feels very separated from his lover, Delphine. One of the big themes of this book is doubles, a feeling you may have lived before. All my books are about the private passions and lives of individuals, and how we interact with public events.

A lot of my books are me trying to find out what the hell is going on in life.

I have an interest in clinical psychology and what makes human beings the way they are. I came to consciousness in the '60s, in the middle of a Cold War, when we were all about to blow each other up, and the grown-ups kept saying, ‘It’s all OK, go and play football, and we’ll go to the beach this afternoon.’ 

The other half of my books are really about who and what we are. I think it stems from Birdsong—wondering what kind of creatures stand in narrow ditches killing millions. No other creature on earth has done that.

Mark Twain said, ‘History never repeats itself, but it does often rhyme.’

Things seem familiar, or there’s a harmony with things that have happened before. There will not be another Adolf Hitler, another Nazi party, a holocaust, or a European war like the first one, but there will be events that seem familiar.

Everyone keeps talking about how unprecedented the coronavirus pandemic is, but there have been endless numbers of worldwide viruses and plagues. In Birdsong, which I wrote in 1992, the main character dies of Spanish flu. If you know about these things, then the events of today do not seem quite so surprising.

If you’re writing a book that is attempting to be realistic, you represent people as they are.

I read in a medical book about a lady who could only be happy when she was pregnant and was also a heavy drinker. I wondered what that might be like for her children, and hence Lena was born. I didn’t want her to be a victim because of her mother, though. I wanted her to have a sense of purpose and vigour in life.

The Schloss Seeblick sanatorium in Snow Country was completely invented.

It has a symbolic existence in Human Traces. The two psychiatrists wanted to build a place of pure enlightenment where all of the suffering will be understood. This is a bit ambitious, but they shouldn’t be mocked for it, for in failure you’ve moved things along a bit.

I take extra care when writing female characters.

The most important thing is how old, rich, happy, ill, or frightened they are, or what circumstances they’re in. Are they falling out of a plane in a parachute or boiling an egg? That’s what determines how they behave. But of course, I do think, ‘Have I made my character do something that no woman would do, or that no man would do?

My parents’ generation was defined by World War Two.


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My father was a soldier and my mother was in the women’s air force. You tried not to make a big deal out of your own feelings. In the '60s, when I grew up, it was about getting to know yourself and honoring your emotions. I guess I absorbed some of that. I always liked books that moved me. One of the first grown-up books I read was David Copperfield. I read the last page and sobbed. I don’t want to write emotionally manipulative books, but it’s important for the writer and reader to connect.

It’s easier to connect with fiction when most of one’s life is a transaction.

Whether you’re going through your inbox, picking your kids up from school or dealing with the bank, there’s a lower level of your life that sometimes feels disconnected. It’s quite hard to suddenly talk to your friends and say, ‘Right, I really want to talk about my life and my feelings in a very emotional way.’ It’s much easier to understand people through reading a novel.

I feel good about Birdsong.

There’s no sense of ‘let’s not talk about that any more.’ I was only going to write that book once. I was 39, and I made a few decisions in writing it that were quite risky, but they came off. It’s quite an operatic book and the volume is turned up to 11 on everything. It was physically quite demanding because the emotions in it are so strong. I feel grateful I got away with it.

A good day’s writing starts at 10am.

I go through until about 2pm and then have another go between 5-7pm. I would hope to write 1,200 words a day. I don’t really have bad days as I don’t start a book until I’m pretty sure where it’s going.

Sebastian Faulks's top three books

Zoe West

It’s safe to say, woman&home’s Books Editor, Zoe West has read a LOT of books. 

As an avid young bookworm obsessed with the adventures of The Magic Faraway Tree and the misadventures of red-haired orphan, Anne Shirley, Zoe never lost her love of reading - and the fact she now gets to do it as her job is a constant source of wonderment for her.

When Zoe hasn’t got her head stuck in a book she is interviewing authors, hosting live events where she gets all the gossip, and seeking out exciting new writers she can’t wait to tell her readers about. You’ll often find her on twitter @zoeannewest looking for ideas and shouting to anyone who will listen about the books she loves.

In a previous life Zoe planned advertising campaigns for major record companies but these days you’re more likely to see her out and about on a book brunch with a flat white and pile of exciting new reads.