Best induction pans – thoroughly tested, durable pan sets, saucepans, frying and griddle pans for enthusiastic cooks

Inductions pans have a reputation for being more expensive than other pans on the market, but this is for good reason.

Induction pans are specifically designed and tailored to the specialist technology that goes into induction hobs, which is far more complicated than the gas or electric equivalent.

Plus, having a good set of induction pans is always beneficial as they are compatible with most other hob types (unlike gas or electric pans which don’t have transferable use).

For any cooking enthusiast, having a good quality set of inductions pans and pots stashed away in your kitchen is essential if they want to get the most use from their equipment.

So whether you’re looking to buy a set of induction pans as a birthday, wedding or house warming gift, or you’re looking for a single induction pan to add to your collection, we’ve whittled the huge selection available down to the best induction pans you can buy.

How we selected and tested the best inductions pans

To determine which induction pans were best Jessica Ransom rated them on several factors: the overall look and feel, suitability for purpose, quality, value and guarantee.

Jessica ran several experiments including making a caramel to test staining and claims of non-stick as well as comparing how fast the induction pans changed temperature. Many pancakes were eaten during the testing process, as cooking them enabled us to test for heat spots, and once again challenge claims of any non-stick induction pans.

Jessica also put the induction pans and pots through multiple dishwasher cycles to see how they would fare.

Below you’ll find the best induction pans split into pan type, and then we’ve highlighted the overall best buy and the best value.

If you’re not sure which induction pans you need, or indeed the nuances between the types of pans, scroll down to the bottom where Jessica explains the differences, for example, between a sauté and frying pan.

Jessica has also outlined the benefits of induction pans and hobs and explains a little more about how they actually work for those that are interested.


Overall best induction pans 2019: w&h’s verdict

If you only plan to make one new addition to your induction pans collection then we recommend that it’s one of these two:

W&H’S Best Buy: Le Creuset 3-Ply Stainless Steel 24cm Non-Stick Frying Pan, £115

The Le Creuset Stainless Steel frying pan is incredibly durable, with a non-stick coating that defied all our tests and versatile – it can be used on all types of hobs, ovens and grills. At £115, and with a lifetime guarantee that means you will may never need to buy a frying pan again, we think this is an investment you won’t regret!

W&H’S Star Buy: ProCook Professional Granite Saucepan Set 4-Piece, £99

We found that the quality of the ProCook saucepan set was fantastic, especially when compared with the price point, so we chose it as our w&h star buy. The granite finish is subtle, the non-stick survived all of our tests, and each pan comes with a self-basting glass lid – what more could you need?

The 18 best induction pans you can buy

If neither of those two induction pan options fit your bill then we’ve compared and tested the credentials of most induction pans currently on the market, and reviewed them by induction pan type. We’ve scrutinized:

  • induction pan sets
  • induction saucepan sets
  • individual induction saucepans
  • induction frying pans
  • induction griddle pans
  • induction woks

We’ve then narrowed these down to the best 2 or 3 products within each of these categories. Read on to find out which induction pans are the best on the market.


3 best induction pan sets

1:  Tefal Ingenio Jamie Collection, 9-piece set, £185 – best premium induction pan set

induction pans

For anyone looking to tidy up their pots and pans cupboard, the Ingenio range from Tefal is a real life-saver. It’s compact, stackable and provides over 50 per cent space saving. Although it’s a 9-piece set, that doesn’t mean you get 9 pans. Instead you’ll find four pans with two handles, two glass lids and a preservation lid. The signature red spot in the centre of the pan turns a solid red when it’s at the optimum temperature. The insides of the saucepans also have measuring marks, which is very helpful, though not unique. Although we enjoyed the clip on and off handle, it does stiffen over time and gradually marks the edges of your pans.

Rating: 4/5

Included in the set:

4 pans, 5 accessories

  • 2 Saucepans: 16cm, 20 cm
  • Saute pan: 24cm
  • Frying Pan: 28cm
  • 2x removable handles
  • 2 x glass lids (16cm and 28cm)
  • a 23cm preservation lid

Material: Stainless steel exteriors (Teflon internal coating on frying and sauté pans)

Oven safe: Yes (excluding lids and handles)– up to 260°C

Dishwasher safe: Yes

Guarantee: 10 years – there are multiple exclusions including but not limited to discolouration to the exterior of the pan and putting the handles in the dishwasher

PFOA-free: Yes

SHOP NOW: Tefal, Ingenio, Jamie Oliver, Stainless Steel, Cookware Set, Pans, £175, Amazon

2: Blackmoor Non-Stick 3-Piece Set, £44.63 – best value induction pan set

induction pans

A great starter kit at a reasonable price point, and perfect for varied cooking. The non-stick is excellent but overall the pans lack a premium feel or finish. The handles are only attached at a single joint which means they could loosen or break with prolonged use, which is very unlikely in several of the other pans we have tested. The pans do not have a long guarantee and are hand-wash only which is why we deducted an additional half a star.

Rating: 2.5/5

Included in the set:

2 pans, 1 dish and 2 accessories

  • Saucepan: 18cm
  • Pot: 24cm Casserole Dish
  • Frying Pan: 24cm
  • Accessories: 18cm, 24cm lid

Material: Forged aluminium base with hybrid stone internal coating

Oven safe: No

Dishwasher safe? No

Guarantee: 1 year

PFOA-free: N/A

SHOP NOW: Blackmoor Non-Stick 3 Piece Saucepan Set, Black, £44.63, Amazon

3. Argos Home 9-Piece Stainless Steel Induction Pan Set, £52.50 – best starter induction pan set

induction pans, best induction pan set

For a cook that wants to cover all bases and likes to entertain or for big families, this induction set is a great starter set. The stainless steel gives it a smart, no-fuss finish and all the pans can be washed in the dishwasher. While the durability of the pans is questionable, as some of the handles feel less secure than heavier, more expensive equivalents. There’s no denying that this is a great starter kit and will likely help you decipher what it is in a pan you really appreciate, thus informing any future purchases.

Rating: 2/5

Included in the set:

5 pans, 2 steamers, 2 pots

  • Milk pan: 14cm
  • Frying pan: 24cm
  • 2 Steamers: 20cm
  • 2 5L Casserole Pots: 20cm and 24cm
  • 3 Saucepans: 16cm, 18cm and 20cm

Materials: stainless steel, glass lids

Oven safe? Yes – up to 160C

Dishwasher safe? Yes

Guarantee: 1 year

PFOA-free: Yes

SHOP NOW: Home 9-Piece Stainless Steel Induction Pan Set, £52.50, Argos


3 best induction saucepan sets

1: ProCook Professional Granite Saucepan Set 4-Piece, £99 – best induction saucepan set

The design, durability and quality of this saucepan set really is very impressive given the price point. Forged from a single piece of aluminium they have excellent heat distribution and no unwanted rattles – something which is prevalent, and rather annoying, with some ‘layered metal’ induction pans. They responded well to changes in temperature on the hob, and the ergonomic handles are Cooltouch so they don’t heat up. The lightly textured granite effect surface would look smart in any kitchen and is subtle enough not to cheapen the look of the pans, unlike others we tested. The non-stick is fantastic and the set comes complete with self-basting glass lids for each of the pans.

Rating: 5/5

Included in the set:

  • 4 saucepans: 14,16, 18 and 20cm

Material: aluminium, granite-effect surface with ceramic-reinforced coating

Oven safe? Yes – up to 260°C

Dishwasher safe? Yes

Guarantee: 25 years

PFOA-free: Yes

SHOP NOW: ProCook Professional Granite Saucepan Set 4-Piece, £99, Amazon

2: Scoville 3 Piece Non-Stick Aluminium Pan Set, £39.99 – best value induction saucepan set

induction hob pans, best induction hob saucepan sets

While these pans lack the finesse of others we tested, there’s no denying that they would make an excellent starter kit for anyone in a hurry to start cooking on their induction hob. The three saucepans have a non-stick technology that boasts to be five times stronger that others. It faired well in our testing and also means you can cook with little, if any, butter and oil. The handles don’t feel as robust as others but the soft touch is comfortable and for occasional home cooking, it’s very unlikely you’d run into any problems. The pans had a good response to heat changes and were relatively quiet when they had the lid on with minimal rattle.

Rating: 3/5

Included in the set:

  • 3 saucepans: 16, 18, 20cm

Material: aluminium, glass lids

Oven safe? No

Dishwasher safe? Yes

Guarantee: Lifetime (manufacturer)

PFOA-free: Yes

SHOP NOW: Scoville 3 Piece Non-Stick Aluminium Pan Set, £39.99, Robert Dyas

3: Robert Welch Campden Saucepan Set 3-Piece, £170 – best premium induction saucepan set

induction pans

Undeniably the most attractive set of saucepans we tested. These saucepans are stylish, sleek and a pleasure to use. The smooth, concave-finish handle is comfortable to hold and works far better as a pan handle versus a frying pan handle (see review below). The pans don’t feel too heavy but were certainly weightier than others, which adds to the premium feel. There was minimal rattle when using the lid, though due to the stainless steel the handle did get hot from condensation, though less hot than others that were tested. They have a good heat distribution and the stainless steel means they are a good pan choice for cooking caramel. They were easy to clean. Overall worthy of an investment.

Rating: 4/5

Included in the set:

  • 3 saucepans: 14, 16, 18cm

Material: 18/10 stainless steel

Oven safe? Yes- up to 220°C

Dishwasher safe? Yes

Guarantee: 25 years

PFOA-free: N/A

SHOP NOW: Campden Saucepan Set 3-Piece, £170, Robert Welch


3 best individual induction saucepans

Best Buy: Le Creuset 3-Ply Stainless Steel Saucepan and Lid 16cm, £130 – best premium induction saucepan

induction pans

The speediest of all the saucepans we tested to come to the boil and responded excellently to changes in temperature on the induction hob. It has a clean, attractive finish with a helper handle at the top of the saucepan, which is useful for added support. There is an internal measuring guide which is helpful when pouring in liquids and judging how much water has gone from the pan or how much our sauce has reduced. The pan was quite noisy when fitted with the lid and the handle did get warm, making it essential to use a tea towel or oven glove when picking it up. Despite this, the Le Creuset pan is a great size and weight and an ideal investment if you’re only looking for one pan that’s multi-functional and durable.

Rating: 4.5/5

Weight: 1.7kg

Dimensions: 40.7 x 19.9 x 12.7 cm

Material: 3-ply stainless steel

Oven safe? Yes

Dishwasher safe? Yes

Guarantee: Lifetime

PFOA-free: N/A

SHOP NOW: 3-Ply Stainless Steel Saucepan and Lid 16cm , £130, Le Creuset

2: Stellar Induction Saucepan, £58 – best value induction saucepan

induction pans

A fantastic all-rounder. The glass lids are vented to avoid over boiling and the handle has a comfortable silicone grip so it doesn’t get hot. The hot forged base performed well in terms of heat distribution and also responded quickly to heat changes. This pan also features the internal measuring guide. This pan is a great middle ground given the price point and quality finish.

Rating: 4/5

Weight: 1.1kg

Dimensions: 33.5 x 17.2 x 15.5cm

Material: stainless steel

Oven safe? Yes – Up to 180°C

Dishwasher safe? Yes

Guarantee: Lifetime Stellar

PFOA-free: N/A

SHOP NOW: Stellar Induction Pan, £58, Horwood.co.uk

3: Zyliss Cook Ultimate Saucepan 16cm, £39.99 – best starter induction saucepan

best induction hob pan, induction saucepan

This was one of the quietest pans we tested when used with the lid on and there was a good reaction to changes in temperature on the induction hob. The glass lid is fitted with a rubber handle making it easy to remove, as it doesn’t heat up. The design and finish is less premium that other pans we tested but for the price, it’s an excellent choice and can also be purchased as part of wider pan sets. The non-stick held up very well during testing too and they were very easy to clean.

Rating: 3.5/5

Weight: 0.9kg

Dimensions: 32.9 x 16 x 9.5cm

Material: forged aluminum

Oven safe? Yes – Up to 180°C

Dishwasher safe? Yes

Guarantee: 10 year non-stick

PFOA-free: Yes

SHOP NOW: Zyliss Cook Ultimate Saucepan 16cm/1.5L, £39.99, Lakeland


4 best induction frying pans

1: Le Creuset 3-Ply Stainless Steel 24cm Non-Stick Frying Pan, £115– best premium induction frying pan

The wide base offers even cooking and from our tests the non-stick performed very well. It’s compatible with all hob types and suitable for oven and grill cooking too. Although it has a comfortable, strong-feeling handle it is noticeably heavier than some of the pans we tried, a characteristic most Le Creuset loyalists prefer. It’s perfect for everyday cooking and the lifetime guarantee means you should never have to buy another induction pan again!

Rating: 4.5/5

Weight: 1.07kg

Dimensions: 24cm

Material: Stainless Steel

Oven safe? Yes – up to 260°C

Dishwasher safe? Yes

Guarantee: Lifetime

PFOA-free: Yes

SHOP NOW: Le Creuset 3-Ply Stainless Steel 24cm Non-Stick Frying Pan, £115 at Amazon

2: Tower Trustone non-stick Frying Pan, 24cm, £19.83 – best value induction frying pan

induction pans

This had a more premium finish and feel than you’d expect from the price point. It was comfortable to hold and had a longer handle than other frying pans we tested, which would be good when cooking foods that are likely to spit. It’s available in two other sizes, 20cm or 28cm which may fit your cooking needs better. We found the non-stick held up very well during testing and there was a good even distribution of heat. The Trustone interior is designed for ultimate scratch resistance, though it’s always recommended you avoid using metal utensils. After multiple uses at high heat there was some deterioration in colour to the inside of the pan, and because it was a lighter design this was more noticeable than others. This pan was one of the quietest in terms of the interaction with our induction hob, but this could vary. It has a bonded steel base and is compatible with all hob types.

Rating: 4/5

Weight: 0.825kg

Dimensions: 24.8 x 45.5 x 6 cm

Material: 5-layer stone non-stick infused titanium interior, 3.5-4mm forged aluminium body, 2 layer ultra touch exterior, bonded steel base, cast steel-look handle

Oven safe? Yes – up to 280°C

Dishwasher safe? Yes – hand wash recommended

Guarantee: 10 years – 1year standard plus nine more for free if you register online

PFOA-free: N/A

SHOP NOW: Tower Trustone 24cm Frying Pan Violet Black, £19.83 at Amazon

3: Robert Welch, Campden Non-Stick Frying Pan 28cm, £74  – best heavy duty induction frying pan

induction pans

If you can call a frying pan beautiful, that’s the title we’d give this one. The design is sleek, stylish and will undoubtedly impress anyone lucky enough to receive it as a gift. It’s exceptionally heavy, and therefore didn’t fare very well in our pancake testing, though it’s very well suited to cooking steak or frying onions and feels as premium as it looks. The pan has an Excalibur non-stick coating, which is considered to be “the toughest most durable non-stick coating in the world” – our tests were no match for this.

Rating: 4/5

Weight: 1.65kg

Dimensions: 45 x 29.1 x 7.8cm

Material: 18/10 stainless steel

Oven safe? No

Dishwasher safe? Yes

Guarantee: 25 years

PFOA-free: Yes

SHOP NOW: Robert Welch Campden Non-Stick Frying Pan 28cm, £64, robertwelch.com

4: Zyliss Cook Ultimate Non-Stick Frying Pan 24cm, £26.99 – best starter frying pan

induction pans, induction frying pan

This is a really excellent choice of induction frying pan if you don’t want to spend a lot of money. It proudly boasts that no oil or butter is needed when frying as it has Rock Pearl Plus non-stick Swiss technology, and this performed well in our tests. It’s an ideal size and weight for cooking pancakes or omelettes, as it’s easy to toss too. It doesn’t have a premium look or feel but given the price point this should be expected. The mottled marble colour effect will be desirable to some and it is likely to age better than its stainless steel equivalents. It has an ergonomic soft-touch handle and is suitable for all other hob types too.

Rating: 3.5/5

Product info:

Weight: 0.9kg

Dimensions: 42.9 x 24.9 x 6.3cm

Material: forged aluminium

Oven safe? Yes up to 180°C

Dishwasher safe? Yes

Guarantee: 10 years

PFOA-free: Yes

SHOP NOW: Zyliss Cook Ultimate Non-Stick Frying Pan 24cm, £29.99 Lakeland.co.uk


2 best induction woks

1: Sous Chef Tri-Wall Wok for Induction Hob, £75 – best premium induction frying pan

induction pans

The Sous Chef Wok was a standout performer. It had by far the best heat distribution, heating almost instantly and providing searing heat over the entire surface. The handle remained cool and the wok wasn’t too heavy to toss yet still weighty enough to feel durable. Being stainless steel it lacked non-stick capabilities – this resulted in more difficulties when washing (hence failing to score the perfect 5). However, by not having a non-stick, the wok was better for searing and deglazing. Every part of the design felt like it had a purpose, from the sturdy two point rivets, the long handle, the large domed surface (far larger than other woks we tested) to the small secondary handle. The wok also looks fantastic but handle it with some care as the polished stainless steel scratches and won’t stay looking brand new for long.

Rating: 4.5/5

Weight: 1.6kg

Dimensions: 30.5cm

Material: Aluminium thermocore sandwiched between stainless steel walls

Oven safe? Yes

Dishwasher safe? Yes

Guarantee: N/A

PFOA-free: Yes

SHOP NOW: Sous Chef Tri Wall-Wok, £75, Souschef.co.uk

2: Stellar 6000 Hard Anodised 28cm Stir Fry with Helper Handle, £47.95 – best value induction frying pan

induction pans, best induction wok

While the non-stick was beneficial for cleaning, it did mean the pan didn’t sear the food as well as competitors and had to be used at maximum heat in order to prevent the food from stewing. The food was easy to toss in the pan and the non-stick helped this, though at times it did feel as though the pan wouldn’t be able to contain all the ingredients. The handle felt solid as did the wok’s finish which didn’t scratch as easily as the stainless steel competition. Overall it was a lovely wok to use and though it wasn’t the best performer, it gave a good finish and so presents itself as a great value choice.

Rating: 3.5/5

Weight: 1.25kg

Dimensions: 51 x 28.7 x 11cm

Material: stainless steel

Oven safe? Yes – up to 210°C

Dishwasher safe? Yes

Guarantee: Lifetime guarantee with a 10 year Teflon non-stick guarantee

PFOA-free: Yes

SHOP NOW: Stellar 6000 Hard Anodised 28cm Stir Fry with Helper Handle, £47.95, Amazon


2 best induction griddle pans

1: Staub America Square Grill Pan, £139 – best premium induction griddle pan

induction pans

A chic design, premium finish and feel and excellent cooking results – this pan is worth the investment. The deep grooves create distance between the food you’re cooking and any fat, which is helpful for those looking to cook a little healthier. It also provides the signature-charred stripes on your meat and veg and gives it that barbecued-finish. The weight of the pan is characteristic of cast iron as is the excellent heat retention. Look after this pan carefully and it will serve you well for a very, very long time.

Rating: 4.5/5

Weight: 3.6kg

Dimensions: 4.7 x 26 x 38cm

Material: Cast Iron

Oven safe? Yes – up to 250°C

Dishwasher? safe No

Guarantee: 30 years

PFOA-free: N/A

SHOP NOW: Staub America Square Grill Pan, £139, John Lewis

2: Stellar Speciality Grill Pan Non-Stick, £50 – best value induction griddle pan

induction pans

This griddle pan has a good height to its edges so your food doesn’t spit everywhere and the pouring lips are very convenient for discarding surplus fat. The griddle ridges also have a good height and depth, making it easy to achieve the signature stripes. The handle feels strong and comfortable to hold and it isn’t too heavy. The non-stick performed very well and there was a good distribution of heat so our vegetables and meat cooking evenly.

Rating: 4/5

Weight: 1kg

Dimensions: 45.3 x 28.5 x 6cm

Material: aluminium

Oven safe? Yes – up to 210°C

Dishwasher safe? Yes

Guarantee: Lifetime, 5 years for Non-Stick

PFOA-free: Yes

SHOP NOW: Stellar Speciality Grill Pan Non-Stick, £50, Horwood.co.uk


What should I consider before buying induction pans?

Before heading out to buy your new induction pans and pots, it’s important to clarify two things – how much do you want to spend and what is the main purpose for buying the new cooking equipment?

If you’re moving into a new home or redoing your kitchen and have never needed induction pans before, it’s probably best to get an induction pan set to cover the basics. You might not want to splash the cash on a set of induction pots and pans that boast a lifetime guarantee because you’re likely still forking out on furniture. You might also be the kind of cook that likes to update their cookware with your kitchen design, and who can blame you!

Spending more on your induction pots and pans will likely increase the guarantee. It also means that once you’ve invested, you will likely never have to buy another induction pot or pan for a long time, if ever. They can also become heirlooms that you pass on to loved-ones. Food is so often the trigger of happy memories and what better way to help further this than passing on your favourite recipe for beef stew, and the pot you cook it in!

Heavy-based induction pans have a better heat distribution however they also make moving around the kitchen harder and will reduce your cooking flexibility.

Depending on what you’re cooking, non-stick might not always be preferable. Non-stick frying and griddle pans are good for when you want to minimise the need for additional fat. However, according to several chefs we spoke with, when cooking sauces pots without non-stick technology are preferable as you get a better de-glaze and you want some caramelisation in the pan for added flavour.

induction pans, induction pots and pans, best induction pans

Types of pan

What is a frying pan?

Frying pans, as the name suggests, are used for frying food in hot oil and fat. Non-stick frying pans reduce the need for fats and can help make your meals healthier. Frying pans have slanted sides, a long handle and a shallow pan. They are sometimes referred to as skillet pans.

What is a sauté pan?

Sauté pans are a more specialist piece of cooking equipment and not essential for most home-cooking. Sauté pans have straight sides which come in handy when sautéing as you can move the food around with less risk of it falling out compared to a frying pan. They also often come with a lid.

What is a wok?

Typically used in Chinese recipes and cooking, woks are bowl-shaped frying pans which are designed for searing food quickly at high temperatures. You don’t want a wok that’s too heavy as you’ll likely be moving and shaking the food around when making a stir fry.

What is a saucepan?

A saucepan usually has one long handle but it can also have an additional helper handle at the front of the pan. They are deep, round and usually used with a lid. Saucepans are most commonly used for cooking sauces, pasta, rice and noodles.

What is a pot?

Pots are similar to saucepans but often have two small handles on either side. Typically, pots would be used to cook stews and sauces and it’s good for them to be oven-proof as this is useful for slow-cooked recipes.

What is a griddle pan?

Essentially, a griddle pan is a frying pan with raised grooves in the centre. The grooves help to char the food and leave the iconic striped pattern you often see on steaks or vegetables. It’s an easy way to replicate barbecued foods when cooking on the hob in your kitchen. Having deep grooves also helps separate the food from any fat that drips from it, which is why griddled food is often seen as healthier than fried.

What pans work on inductions hobs and why?

For a pan to work on an induction hob it must have a flat magnetic base. Pans that are appropriate will have a coil shown on the box and a magnet will stick to the base of the pan (if the magnet does not stick strongly to the bottom of the pan it will be less effective when heating).

During a recent chat with Jessica at The Langham’s cookery school Sauce, Michelin star chef Michel Roux Jr, suggested carrying a strong magnet with you when you go to purchase your induction pans so that you can see for yourself how well the pan connects.

It is important to note that the heating process in induction hob cooking takes place in the base of the pan and therefore if the pan is not induction hob specific it will not work and the hob will remain cold.

Frequently asked questions about induction pans

What is an induction hob?

Electricity is passed through copper coils in the hob. This creates a magnetic field. When a pan, with a magnetic base is placed directly on top of the hob the magnetic field causes the pan to heat up.

Benefits of induction hobs

There are three main benefits of induction cooking:

Safety: The induction hob itself does not become hot. This means that unless an induction specific pan is placed on top of the hob it will not heat up, thus removing a potential safety hazard. Plus, given it is the pan that heats up, once this pan is removed the hob will lose any of the residual heat quickly and return to cold (even if it is left on).

Efficiency when cooking: Induction hobs are as easy to control as electric hobs but with the efficiency of a gas hob. During testing, multiple pans reached maximum temperature in less than a minute.

The key is that less energy is wasted on heating the surroundings (the outside of the pan or the base of the hob), instead only the inside of the pan is heated. Not only does this make the hob more time efficient, it is more energy efficient too, which is good for the environment and for your bills.

Induction hobs often have clever and useful hacks which can improve your cooking efficiency such as instant boil settings which can bring a pot of water up to the ideal temperature for your noodles, pasta or rice almost immediately!

Efficiency when cleaning: Given Induction hobs only heat the pan and not the hob it is very rare for food to burn onto the hob itself. This reduces the time spent cleaning and means only a damp cloth is required – though a glass cleaner every couple of months will not go amiss.

Is it important to look for induction pans that are PFOA-free?

Various items including clothing, carpets, takeaway boxes and cookware as well as the air we breathe and the water we drink contain PFOA.

They cause concern because they stay in the environment and the body for long periods of time and some studies have suggested a link between PFOA exposure and cancer.

Non-stick cookware that is not PFOA-free is one of the smallest exposures of PFOA that can be found in the household. Just because an item is PFOA-free does not mean that it is any better, as often manufactures swap them out for other chemicals.

When pans become scratched or overheated, the potential dosage of PFOAs consumed may increase. This is why many manufacturers recommend changing pans when damage occurs.