The classic paper £20 note that we all know was replaced earlier this year. But when do the old ones expire? And who appears on the new ones?
In February 2020, the new plastic (polymer) £20 notes were issued and much like when new notes have been created in the past, people are wondering when the old notes expire.
Luckily though, old money notes don’t just expire out of the blue. The Bank of England, who issues new currency to England, always gives six months notice.
Over the last four years, much of British currency has been withdrawn and replaced by new polymer notes. In 2016, people were given a deadline to spend old £5 bank notes before they went out of circulation. Then a year later, the £10 note went out of circulation and people were encouraged to spend the paper note as soon as possible.
When do old £20 notes expire?
First issued in 2007, the old paper £20 has been in circulation for 13 years.
Sarah John, the Bank of England’s current Chief Cashier has said, “Moving the £20 note to polymer marks a major step forward in our fight against counterfeiting. I am very grateful to everyone across the cash industry who has made this transition possible and I hope the public enjoys using their new Turner £20s.”
You may wonder what “Turner” refers to. More on that later.
From 9am on April 30, polymer £20 were available to be withdrawn from cash machines. However, the Bank of England currently hasn’t said when the old £20 notes expire.
This means that old, paper £20 notes will be used alongside the new ones for the time being.
Can I exchange my old £20 for a new one?
According to the Bank of England, the quickest way to exchange your £20 is to deposit them at the bank.
You can also exchange withdrawn currency by post with the bank. To do this as an individual (rather than a business), you have to fill out a banknote change application form and send it to the Bank of England, along with copies of your ID and proof of address.
What can I do with old £20 notes?
As for the time being, the paper £20 notes will be used alongside the plastic ones, the best thing to do with old £20 is to spend them as you normally would.
They’re certainly still valid and it’s the best way to take them out of circulation. Gradually over time, they will stop circulating as people spend them and businesses deposit them into banks, who then permanently remove them from circulation.
During the current health crisis however, many shops are not accepting cash payments as they are worried about the amount of time that Covid-19 can survive on the surface of the money. In this case, you might be better to wait until banks resume their normal service of trading in old bank notes for new ones.
Who will be on the new £20 note?
Good question. Just like how Jane Austen appeared on the new £10 note, replacing Charles Darwin, there are some design and illustration differences between the old and new £20 notes.
The old paper £20 features the so-called father of modern economics, Adam Smith. There are also images of factory workers on the back of the note and a quote from one of Adam Smith’s most famous works.
The new £20 note was first issued on February 20 2020. It’s slightly smaller than the paper note and is made of a polymer (plastic) material that is difficult to rip or tear.
Instead of Adam Smith the new £20 note features distinguished English artist, JMW Turner. One of his most famous paintings, The Fighting Temeraire features as artwork replacing the factory workers on the back of the note. You’ll also notice a quote from Turner – “light is therefore colour” – and a signature, which is identifiable on many of his paintings.
This only goes for money distributed by the Bank of England however, the Bank of Scotland for example will distribute their own money and therefore, their own designs. While Winston Churchill appears on the current English £5 note, Nan Shepherd became the new face of the £5 Scottish bank note in 2016.
Who else has appeared on the £20 note?
JMW Turner isn’t the first artist to appear on the £20 note, however. A mixture of economists and artists of various kinds have appeared on the £20 note since it was first introduced.
Although the £20 note has been in existence since 1725, it was taken out of circulation in 1943. Then, in 1970 the £20 note as we know it today was introduced to the public featuring none other than William Shakespeare, the famous English playwright.
From 1970 to 1991 Shakespeare appeared on the £20 note. He was replaced by an image of the scientist Michael Faraday, who was famous for his work on magnetic fields, induction and was considered a great influence on Albert Einstein.
Famous English composer, Edward Elgar then appeared on the note from 1999 to 2007. He was well known during the 19th century for works like The Enigma Variations, the Pomp and Circumstance Marches, along with two full symphonies. He was replaced as the featured image on the note by the economist Adam Smith in 2007.